The Virtuousness of Adult Playfulness- the Relation of Playfulness with Strengths of Character

Background It was hypothesized that playfulness in adults (i.e., the predisposition to play) is robustly associated with the "good character." Playfulness in adults can be tested via a global cognitive evaluation and an instrument for distinguishing five different facets of playful behaviors (spontaneous, expressive, creative, fun, and silly). Character strengths...

Psychopathic personality factor ìFearless dominanceî is related to low self-reported stress-levels, fewer psychiatric symptoms, and more adaptive stress coping in psychiatric disorders

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to test the idea that the psychopathic trait "Fearless dominance " (FD) may be associated with reduced psychological stress symptoms and better stress coping strategies in psychiatric patients, whereas the factor "Self-centered impulsivity " (SCI) may be associated with more stress and maladaptive...

The neurobiology of RAGE and anger & psychiatric implications with a focus on depression

There has been a perennial debate about whether aggression is learned or innate. The power of extreme arguments in this area has diminished as all are beginning to recognize that both evolution and learning contribute much to our tendency to be aggressive in various distinct ways, including impulsive anger, premeditated...

Perspectives – Minimizing Observer Bias in Behavioral Studies: A Review and Recommendations

Since the 1970s, texts on research methods in animal behavior advocate that researchers minimize potential observer bias in their studies. One way to minimize possible bias is to record or score behavioral data blind to treatment, group, or individual. Another way to reduce bias is for researchers to analyze subsets...

Heightened intensity: Reflecting on player experiences in Wayfinder Live

Location-based games use smartphones and other location-aware devices to incorporate their players' actions in everyday, physical spaces - the streets and public spaces of the city - into the virtual world of the game. Scholars and designers of these games often claim that they reconfigure their players' relationship with the...

Associations between father involvement and father-child attachment security: Variations based on timing and type of involvement

This study examined associations between father involvement and father- child attachment security, and whether those associations differed as a function of timing (workday and nonworkday) and/or type (accessibility, caregiving, and play) of involvement. Eighty father- child dyads participated when children were approximately 3 years old. Fathers completed a time diary...

Using classroom game play in introductory microeconomics to enhance business student learning and lecture attendance

The author examined whether game play improves students' comprehension, attendance, and exam performance. The author designed three games; 120 students in introductory microeconomics classes participated in these experiments. The evidence showed that game play enhances students' attendance, comprehension, and exam performance. It also showed that attendance and exam performance are...

Roots and wings’: an exploration of intergenerational play: Research

Play is an important part of life, not only during childhood but also into adulthood and later life. While scholars have emphasized the physical, social, psychological, and cognitive benefits of play for children, few researchers have explored the role of play in later life. One context in which aging adults...

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